Author: Pet CBD

CBD Oil For Dogs And Cats Heart Disease

CBD OIL FOR HEART DISEASES IN DOGS AND CATS

This article will comprehensively explore heart diseases in dogs and cats. We will share how pet owners can detect heart disease provide early treatment using CBD oil.

WHAT IS HEART DISEASE IN DOGS AND CATS

Heart diseases encompasses all abnormalities in the function and/or anatomy of a dog or cat’s heart. They may be congenital in nature, meaning they are present at birth; or they may be acquired, meaning they appear later in the animal’s life either through lifestyle, old age, or other factors.


DIFFERENT TYPES OF HEART DISEASES

For dogs, most heart diseases are congenital in nature. Some examples of common heart diseases are:

  1. Dilated cardiomyopathy – this refers to the enlargement of the heart muscle, making it difficult to pump blood efficiently. Boxers, Great Danes, and Dobermans are more prone to this type of disease.
  2. Heart murmurs – the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the breed most susceptible to this irregularity in blood flow.
  3. Valve diseases – Endocardiosis is where the valves of the heart don’t close and open all the way. Blood leaks from the defective valves causing the heart to enlarge and press up against the windpipe. This is usually associated with old age. Schnauzers, Poodles, and Pomeranians commonly get valve diseases.

For cats, below are some of the most commonly diagnosed heart diseases:

  1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – this refers to the thickening of the left ventricle of the heart, making it difficult to pump blood. Breeds susceptible to this are the American Short Hair, Maine Coons, Sphinxes, Rag Dolls, and Bengals.
  2. Congestive heart failure – occurs when the heart fails to pump blood normally, thus causing strain on the heart muscles and valves. The backed-up blood triggers abnormal fluid accumulation.

HOW TO PREVENT HEART DISEASES IN DOGS AND CATS

According to Dr. Bill Tyrrell, veterinary cardiologist and founding partner of CVCA, Cardiac Care for Pets, there is really no one, surefire, and scientifically-proven way to prevent heart diseases in pets. Despite that, early detection can make a world of difference in a pet’s chances of survival and overall quality of life.

 

Just like with all diseases, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is generally believed to provide an armor of protection. Specifically, below are some pointers that may reduce risks for acquired heart diseases:

  1. Balanced diet – the heart can be strengthened by getting enough enzymes such as taurine and L-carnitine from food. Furthermore, giving pets human food should be limited if not totally avoided.
  2. Prevention or early onset treatment of heartworm – heartworm, if left untreated, can progress to heart disease.
  3. Maintain regular veterinarian check-ups
  4. Maintain normal weight for the cat or dog’s specific breed

SYMPTOMS OF HEART DISEASE IN DOGS AND CATS

Dr. Michael Aherne, clinical associate professor of Cardiology at the University of Florida, says symptoms of congenital heart diseases appear early on in younger dogs compared to acquired heart diseases that are generally seen in older dogs. However, regardless if the heart disease is inborn or acquired, the primary symptom is lethargy.


Another sign that heart disease is in the advanced stages is coughing accompanied by an increased resting respiratory rate, or what we call in layman’s terms as panting even when at rest.

 

Dog owners can easily do a routine check of their dogs’ resting respiratory rate on their own. Simply observe the number of times that the dog’s chest rises and falls within one minute. If the count is below 35, the dog is breathing normally.

 

For cats, lethargy is also a symptom of heart disease. Although, due to their nature, lethargy is harder to spot in cats compared to dogs. Other symptoms that can be telltale signs are increased reclusiveness, respiratory difficulty, and loss of appetite. Resting respiratory rates can best be observed while the cat is at rest. A count of less than 50 within a minute is the standard.


In addition to the above signs, for both cats and dogs, veterinarians advise to keep an eye out for weight loss and diarrhea. They may also be early-stage heart disease symptoms. For the more advanced stages of heart diseases, a dog or cat may also display:

  • Blue-gray colored gum
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Distended abdomen
  • Leg swelling


If any of the above symptoms are seen in a pet dog or cat, owners are advised to bring their pets to a veterinarian immediately. The veterinarian will perform a physical exam and may conduct an echocardiogram or an X-ray for an exact diagnosis. A primary care vet may also refer the pet owners to a cardiologist.


HOW TO TREAT HEART DISEASE

Among the myriad of possible treatment routes, giving cats and dogs CBD oil for the management of heart diseases is one of the most widely accepted and most natural. Some veterinarians also administer CBD oil in conjunction with other traditional medications as a means of minimizing unpleasant side effects.

 

Some identified benefits of giving CBD oil are:

  • Helping sick pets sleep better
  • Decreases inflammation
  • Improves appetite
  • Manages pain
  • Calms anxiety
  • Reduces frequency and severity of seizures
  • Alleviates diarrhea

It is important to note, that CBD oil comes from the hemp plant. It is not to be confused with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound that can give a high. CBD oil’s advantage is that it maximizes the natural healing properties from hemp without the buzz. It is safe for animal consumption.


It’s important, however, to point out that despite CBD oil being natural, proper dosage must always be followed. CBD oil comes in various forms to best suit the pet’s needs and preferences:

  • Oil tinctures – Oil tinctures can be administered via drops or sprays directly into the pet’s mouth or mixed with food.
  • Treats – This form is the most fun and easiest for the dog to consume.
  • Extract concentrates – Extract concentrates are often pure and without flavor additives. This form is also given directly by mouth or mixed with food.
  • Capsules – This is the best option for pets picky with tastes, and can be hidden among (or within) treats.

Reference

  1. John Gilpatrick, Pet MD, m.petmd.com>general-health
  2. Dr. Jennifer Coates, Pet MD, July 18, 2012, m.petmd.com>blogs>july
  3. Robyn Johnson, PetCare Rx, New York, petcarerx.com/article/604/what-causes-heart-disease-in-dogs-and-cats.html
  4. Sarah Redding Ochoa, DVM, Innovet, innovetpet.com/blogs/diseases/how-cbd-can-help-with-heart-diseases-in-dogs
  5. Dr. Janelle Broxton, Simply Pets, February 7, 2019, simplypets.com/cbd-oil-for-heart-disease-in-dogs/#

 

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Shi Tzu Health Problems & Other Information

Shih Tzu Information and Health Problems

Welcome to our Shih Tzu information page. Is this dog breed the right one for you? Are you caring for one right now? The information here might be a big help for you.

 

Shih Tzu Characteristics

The Shih Tzu is one of the oldest dog breeds. It has been around for many centuries originating from the Tibetan Plateau. This ancient breed was actually first developed in China and is otherwise known as the Xī Shī quǎn, which translates to Xi Shi dog. The name literally means “lion dog.” Due to the general cuteness of this breed people find it difficult to understand why ancient Chinese emperors called them that.

Here are a few important stats about the Shih Tzu breed:

  • Origin: Tibet and China
  • Year recognized: 1969
  • Date of origin: within the 17th century
  • Purpose: show dog, companion dog
  • Group: toy class, toy dog
  • Maturity: 1 year towards adulthood
  • Popularity: 3rd most registered dog in the AKC, 17th most registered dog in the world
  • Litter size: 1 to 8
  • Colors: all colors are permissible and there are Shih Tzu’s with multiple colored coats. Most common coat colors include grey, white, black, white, dark brown, light brown, and gold.
  • Lifespan: average lifespan is 12 years but often live anywhere from 10 to 15 years.

 

Shih Tzu Size

The Shih Tzu is classified as a toy dog. It weighs anywhere from 4 kg (9 lbs.) to 7.25 kg (16 lbs.) when it is fully grown. The females will be slightly bigger than males.

Males usually weigh 8.8 lbs. to 16.0 lbs. or 4 kg to 7.25 kg. Females on the other hand weigh 8.8 lbs. to 15.7 lbs. or 4 kilograms to 7.10 kilograms. 

There isn’t much of a difference when it comes to height range. Both males and females range from 7.9 inches to 11.0inches or 20 cm. to 28 cm. in height.

 

Personality

A dog’s personality will specifically differ from one to another. However, the Shih Tzu does have some general temperaments that can be easily observed.

Shih Tzu’s are usually very affectionate and loyal. They may even appear to be overprotective and possessive of their humans in the presence of other dogs. You will also notice that they are quite alert and outgoing. They are fun to have in the family and home.

Now, of course a Shih Tzu can be used as a watch dog as well. They are very alert to their surroundings but were not bread for this particular purpose. They generally prefer to be close to their companions (i.e. other dog friends and humans) rather than socializing with strangers.

They can tend to be temperamental towards larger dogs and other dogs that are nervous or hyper. Nevertheless, Shih Tzu’s are usually well behaved and are suitable for families and households with other pets.

 

Required Exercise

The Shih Tzu was bred as companion dogs for royalty back in the 17th century. That means they were intended for indoor living without much activity even though they can be quite active at times.

However, just like any dog, this breed requires at least some exercise every day. They need to be active in order to release any stored up energy. It is recommended that they live indoors with a yard to run around in from time to time.

Studies have shown that if you do not allow them some exercise each day they can develop undesirable behaviors. For instance, they may bark excessively if kept indoors all the time.

It is advisable to walk them for 20 to 25 minutes. Studies have shown that your Shih Tzu may require at least two walks each day to keep it in optimal health keeping the walk at a brisk pace.

Make sure to take a break halfway through each walk. Give them a drink of water during these short rest periods. You can take them out for a walk at the beach or allow them to run through the fields.

You can also play games when you’re outside. A lot of owners have observed that their Shih Tzu’s prefer playing fetch with a small ball (e.g. tennis ball) over other games. 

 

Training

Shih Tzu’s have an aristocratic demeanor about them but they can have a stubborn streak just like any other dog, which makes a slight challenge to training. They don’t get into a lot of trouble, which makes their stubbornness quite forgivable.

House Breaking and Crate Training

Crate training your Shih Tzu is part of house breaking your pet. You don’t need a lot of space since your toy dog doesn’t require it—but get a crate that is big enough for them to turn around in and stand up straight. There should also be enough ventilation on all 4 sides.

Training Tips and Ideas

You need to work with your Tzu’s stubbornness. Be patient if they don’t obey from time to time.

Here are a few training tips:

  • Make going inside the crate a rewarding pleasant experience
  • Always keep your Tzu in the crate when you sleep
  • Don’t make them go inside as a punishment
  • Puppies need to eliminate every 20 to 30 minutes outside
  • Adults can hold it in much longer—you’ll know they want to go if they sniff, scratch, and squat a lot. You can establish a schedule when your pet gets older.
  • Praise for good behavior and then reward immediately (there should be only 1 to 2 seconds in between praise and reward )
  • Use healthy and tasty training treats, you can also use a clicker when you train
  • Shih Tzu’s react best to positive reinforcement—punishment style training doesn’t show much promise.
  • Make sure to repeat and be consistent with your commands when you train. Be generous with your praise when your Shih Tzu does the right thing.

 

History

There are several theories when it comes to the origin of this dog. Some people believe they are a cross between the Lhasa and Pekingese Apso breeds. These were breeds given to Chinese emperors from the Dalai Lama at the turn of the 17th century.

Dogs during this time were selectively bred and they are usually depicted in many Chinese paintings. Shih Tzus were prized by Chinese royalty for many years. They rarely gave them away, traded them, and they vehemently refused to sell them.

The first Shih Tzus to reach foreign lands were those that were exported to Norway and England back in the 1930’s. They were classified as Apsos by the Kennel Club.

The Shih Tzu Club of England was later formed in 1934. In 1935 a new standard breed was created. These dogs were called the Shih Tzu. This dog breed spread throughout Europe after World War II. However it wasn’t officially recognized until a few years later.

The Shih Tzu was officially recognized by the UK Kennel Club on May 7, 1940. However, challenge certificates were only issued beginning in 1949. By the mid-1950s US troops brought these dogs to other parts of the world and was then recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1969. This was the time when the Shih Tzu was officially classified as a toy dog.

 

Health Problems

There is no single dog breed that is completely immune to disease and illness. However, each breed will be susceptible to certain types of medical conditions. This vulnerability is usually carried through the bloodline of each breed and is passed on through centuries.

Shih Tzu’s have some serious health issues and the guidelines that you will find below will help you prepare for them. That way you can know what to keep an eye on since early detection is a big step on the road to recovery.

Here are the health issues that you should watch out for in your Shih Tzu:

 

IVD Disease

IVD stands for Intervertebral Disk Disease. This is a condition that is quite common in dogs that have shorter legs and longer backs. IVD is commonly observed among basset hounds, beagles, as well as in Shih Tzu’s.

When IVD occurs, a disc on the dog’s back slips and rubs hard against the spine. This condition can occur in Shih Tzu’s even as early as 2 years old.

Its symptoms include:

  • weakness in the limbs
  • pain
  • muscle spasms

Sadly, if left untreated IVD disease can lead to paralysis. IVD is usually treated using medicine, which includes anti-inflammatory drugs as well as muscle relaxants. A lot of rest will also be recommended by your vet. Surgery may be recommended in severe conditions of IVD disease.

 

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome

This is a name given to a breathing condition that usually occurs to smaller dogs. The breathing issue is related to their body structure. 

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome actually includes several issues that can cause breathing problems for dogs. 

The conditions include the following:

  • Issues with the trachea (e.g. collapsed trachea, smaller trachea)
  • Collapsed larynx
  • Elongated soft palate
  • Stenotic nares

It has been observed that 50% of all Shih Tzu’s have airway syndrome have both stenotic nares (we’ll go over this in detail a little later) as well as an elongated palate.

Each of the above mentioned conditions can contribute or cause some form of airway syndrome. Some dogs have 2 or 3 of these conditions. And when that happens their breathing can be severely impeded.

In the case of stenotic nares the nostrils of the dog are pinched which also keeps the nasal passage narrow. In some cases the cartilage in the neck tends to get weakened which leads to a collapsed trachea.

The following are the symptoms of Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Noisy breathing
  • Coughing
  • Gums and lips turn blue
  • Loss of consciousness

The symptoms may get worse after the dog has exercised. Some dogs of this breed may be born with these conditions but the symptoms will only occur later in life. Symptoms usually appear any time within the range of 1 to 6 years of life.

How is Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome treated?

  • Do not use leashes on your Shih Tzu, but you should use a collar instead when you go out for a walk.
  • Limit the time and type of exercise that your dog will have
  • Your vet can also prescribe certain medications to help reduce certain symptoms
  • Surgery may also be recommended by a vet especially when there is more than one contributory condition

 

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a joint disease that is degenerative in nature. It is actually an abnormality in the ball and socket joint of the hip. This condition is where the ball joint slips and falls out of place.

Most of the time, if a dog has hip dysplasia, it means that the dog was born with it. In many instances it is actually a genetic disease. In other cases the dislocation and weakening of the joint is due to other factors. Either way, the surrounding tissues of the problem joint tend to develop abnormally. This development occurs as the puppy grows older. This abnormal growth affects how the bones in the problem joint are held together. They tend to move apart instead of staying together.

In some cases the condition develops as early as 4 of 5 months after the birth of the Shih Tzu pup and the condition can be diagnosed that early. However, this condition is degenerative and the symptoms sometimes become more evident later in the life of your dog.

Here are the symptoms of hip dysplasia in Shih Tzu dogs:

  • Loss of muscle tone
  • Intermittent stiffness in the legs
  • A narrowed stance
  • Mobility trouble
  • Trouble or difficulty getting up
  • A funny or odd walk

How is hip dysplasia treated?

The treatment for this condition may include the following:

  • Surgery
  • Medications for the pain and swelling
  • Food supplements
  • Controlled play and exercise
  • Weight management

 

Patellar Luxation

The word patellar is the medical term for a dog’s knee cap. This is another bone condition that occurs more frequently in Shih Tzu and other toy dog breeds. It occurs more frequently in dogs that weigh less than 25 pounds. However, it should be noted  dogs of any size can develop this condition.

In simple terms, when a patellar luxation occurs the knee cap of a dog slips out of place. Your dog could have been born with this condition or it could have developed in time.

Take note of the following symptoms:

  • Walking on 3 legs (the dog actively reduces the amount of stress on the affected knee to relieve pain).
  • Raising of the affected leg when standing or even when lying down (again this is a tell-tale sign that your dog is in pain)

What is the treatment for this condition?

In minor cases of patellar luxation your vet may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication as well as enough bed rest. If the condition is more severe, then your vet may prescribe steroids. With the help of medication the symptoms may go away and your dog’s health will improve within 3 weeks.

Some light exercises may also be recommended for rehabilitation. In severe cases your vet may suggest surgery. A prognosis will then be made after the operation.

There are other medical conditions that are associated with this breed such as hypothyroidism, eye issues, and other forms of breathing problems. Please check with your vet for specific related diseases not mentioned here.

 

How To Care For Shih Tzu

Winter Care

You should shovel a path outside when it is snowy so your dog can eliminate. You should make the cleared area as large as possible. Limit the time you spend on the snowy ground.

Don’t use ice melt chemicals where your Shih Tzu will be walking in the snow. It can affect their delicate paws. There are specialized ice melt products you can use on the areas where dog may roam around.

Speaking of winter, you may want to get your Tzu some winter doggie shoes in case you need to go outside. You should also get some nose balm to keep their nose from drying due to the cold dry winds.

Summer Time Care

When playing outside, your dog should always be supervised. Even if you’re only going out for 15 to 20 minutes, there should be someone looking out for your dog.

Remember that Shih Tzu’s and the heat of summer don’t mix well. Don’t take your dog out for a walk when the temperature outside reaches anywhere from above 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29.4 Celsius) and higher.

Any time you notice that your Shih Tzu is panting heavily or seems to be acting confused you should take immediate action. Take your dog to a cooler place and give it plenty of water to drink. Any extremes in temperature, whether it is too cold or too hot, is bad for a Shih Tzu.

Caring for an Immobile Dog

If you are caring for a rescued dog or one that has been crated for an extended period of time, you should expect some form of muscle atrophy to have taken place. In such cases you should work closely with your vet and follow any instructions given to you.

This will help to put your Shih Tzu back on track. Exercise and play time should start slowly. Gradually increase the duration and intensity of the activities. Exercises, stretching, and some massage may help with rehabilitation.

Snorting and Snoring

Sometimes you will notice that your Shih Tzu will snort or even snore during sleep (well, they make funny snorting noises too when they’re awake). Some of it is normal but there are times when it is an indication of a health condition.

It is common for your Shih Tzu to snore at night and snort from time to time. This is due to their smaller nasal cavity and smaller parts of their heads. However, when your dog’s snorting and snoring becomes more frequent it may mean any of the following:

  • Its palate is swollen
  • There may be an obstruction
  • Weight gain

In such cases you should take your Shih Tzu to the vet as soon as possible.

 

Nutrition and Feeding for Shih Tzu

Feeding your Shih Tzu with healthy and quality meals is essential to keeping them healthy and to ensure a long and happy life. You can opt for home cooked meals or you can purchase specially prepared formulas for small dogs.

Some of the great and wholesome food options that you can include in your Shih Tzu’s meal include the following:

  • Quinoa
  • Brown rice
  • Whole yogurt
  • Cottage cheese
  • Raspberries
  • Blueberries
  • Baby carrots
  • Sugar snap peas
  • Sweet peas
  • Green beans
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Lean beef
  • Fish
  • Veal
  • Lamb
  • White chicken meat
  • Liver
  • Heart

There are foods that you should avoid feeding to your dog. They include the following:

  • Xylitol (artificial sweetener)
  • Fruit pits and seeds (some of these can be fatal)
  • Macadamia nuts (can cause paralysis and tremors)
  • Salt (feed only small amounts or else it can cause kidney issues)
  • Coffee and caffeinated drinks (can cause comas, seizures, and death)
  • Onions (destroys red blood cells)
  • Chocolate (causes seizures, coma, and death in small dogs)
  • Grapes (causes kidney trouble)
  • Raisins (causes kidney trouble)

How do you choose the right food formula for your Shih Tzu?

Here are a few guidelines when you’re in the market for food for your Shih Tzu:

  • Choose food formulas that have ingredients that are easily digestible (check list of wholesome foods above)
  • The serving should be specifically sized for smaller dogs
  • Check the list of added supplements (e.g. omega 3 and 6, antioxidants, probiotics, chondroitin, glucosamine, etc.)
  • All natural preservatives included—usually a vitamin blend that helps preserve the quality of the food. Other natural preservatives include green tea extract, rosemary, and spearmint.
  • Wholesome and all natural foods—this includes human-grade meats, grains, whole grains, healthy fats, and veggies. You can also choose to put your dog on a grain-free diet.

 

Coat Color and Grooming

The coat of a Shih Tzu can come in a variety of colors as mentioned above. The coat is typically straight and it is described as being hypoallergenic. They do not shed as much as other breeds. The coat requires a good amount of brushing and regular baths.

Take note of the following schedule:

  • Face and eye wiping should be done on a daily basis
  • Coat brushing can be done every 1 to 3 days depending on the length of the coat
  • Baths can be given every 3 weeks
  • Nails need to be trimmed every 6 weeks
  • Touch up body wiping should be done as needed
  • Paw and nose care should be done depending on the season of the year

 

Children and Other Pets

Shih Tzu’s are generally safe around children and other pets. They can be over protective of their human family when they are around other dogs – especially large breed dogs.

 

Rescue Groups and Breed Organizations

There are number of rescue groups and breed organizations especially dedicated for the Shih Tzu breed. They include the following:

You should check with your state to find out which kennel club or rescue organization is dedicated to small dogs or for Shih Tzu’s specifically.

Image Credit:

Fotografiert und zur Verfügung gestellt von Tanja Tepe Shih Tzu from Chinese Paradise  [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]

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side effects of meloxicam for dogs

Side Effects Of Meloxicam For Dogs & Alternatives

Side Effects Of Meloxicam For Dogs & Alternatives

If you have a pet dog, then you may have already seen the drug Meloxicam in stores. It’s typically sold by its brand name Metacam and is often bought by dog owners who want their pets to get better from certain illnesses and disorders. Keep in mind that the brand Mobic, which is also a Meloxicam medication, is only for humans. Hence, you should never give it to your pet.

What Is Meloxicam for Dogs?

Meloxicam is a medication that is used to reduce inflammation, stiffness, and pain in dogs that have osteoarthritis and similar conditions. It’s also used to treat the symptoms of bone or muscle disorders. It reduces the hormones that cause inflammation and pain.

Meloxicam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and can be obtained with a prescription from a veterinarian.

Aside from treating various conditions, it can also be used to alleviate the pain caused by a surgical procedure. So, if your dog needs to undergo a surgery, the veterinarian may recommend and prescribe the drug. Likewise, it may be used to alleviate the pain caused by an injury.

When this happens, see to it that you abide by the guidelines for dosages and proper storage for the drug. You should also know about the possible side effects of meloxicam in dogs. This way, you can be prepared when it comes to dealing with any signs and symptoms.

Dosage of Meloxicam

Usually, the initial dosage given to dogs ranges from 0.09 to 0.1 milligram per pound. Then, this dosage increases to 0.045 to 0.05 milligram per pound. Meloxicam has to be given to the dog orally once per day.

The veterinarian of your dog would give you guidelines and instructions with regard to the proper measurement of its medication. You can give your dog tablets with or without food. However, you need to make sure that he drinks sufficient amounts of water every day.

Aside from tablets, you can also purchase Metacam in liquid form. You can add this liquid medication to the food of your dog if he is not inclined to taking tablets. Consult your veterinarian regarding the most ideal form of Meloxicam.

The veterinarian may also adjust the dosage of your dog based on his response to the medication. Ideally, you should give your pet the lowest possible dosage and still be able to relieve its unpleasant symptoms.

In addition, you can find Meloxicam in injectable solutions. Your dog’s veterinarian would give you guidelines and instructions on how to properly and safely administer this solution.

See to it that you always follow the prescribed dosage of your dog’s veterinarian. Otherwise, you can risk overdosing your pet. This can have unpleasant results, such as dizziness, vomiting, headache, fainting, seizures, slowed breathing, and cardiac arrest among others.

 

Side Effects of Meloxicam in Dogs

Your dog can experience negative side effects if it takes too much Meloxicam or its body does not properly adapt to the drug. Gastrointestinal upset is the most common side effect of Meloxicam.

If you notice the symptoms getting worse, you have to contact the veterinarian right away. Your dog may either be given an adjusted dosage or an alternative treatment method.

Aside from gastrointestinal upset, your dog may also experience the following side effects after taking Meloxicam: bloody vomit, bloody or black stool, weight gain or swelling due to fluid retention, fatigue, increased urination, increased thirst, yellowing of eyes, skin, and gums, itchiness, weight loss, abdominal pain, stomach ulcers, and changes in behavior.

Furthermore, your dog may have a risk of allergic reaction, which can result in anaphylaxis. So, if you notice any signs of allergic reaction, such as hives, swelling, and difficulty breathing, you must contact the veterinarian right away.

Pregnant dogs as well as puppies should not be allowed to take this drug. Do not forget to tell your dog’s veterinarian about any existing medical condition, especially if it is cardiovascular or renal.

The veterinarian must also be aware of any other medications that you give your dog. Take note that any drug, including over-the-counter ones, may have a negative reaction towards Meloxicam.

Cost of Meloxicam

Meloxicam is actually one of the most affordable medications for alleviating pain and inflammation. Nonetheless, its price may vary depending on where you bought it. You can buy Metacam online and in local stores. It’s generally sold per tablet at $0.51 to $0.73. Each tablet is typically 7.5mg.

For instance, you can check out Heartland Vet Supply as well as KVSupply for stocks and prices.

 

Interaction with Other Drugs

When you give Meloxicam to your dog, you have to refrain from giving it other types of medication, including prednisone, tramcinolone, dexamethasone, and cortisone among other corticosteroids and NSAID’s.

Make sure that you inform the veterinarian if you have given your dog etodolac, piroxicam, carprofen, furosemide, warfarin, or any over-the-counter drug for cough, pain, cold, or allergy.

Ingredients In Meloxicam

Every milliliter of Metacam (Meloxicam) tablet contains 0.5 to 1.5 milligrams of meloxicam and 1.5 milligrams of sodium benzoate. Its suspension formulation smells like honey and is yellowish in color. Non active ingredients may include silicon dioxide, sodium benzoate, sorbitol, glycerin, saccharin sodium, xylitol, and citric acid monohydrate.

Meloxicam Alternatives

As you know, Meloxicam can have unpleasant side effects. Hence, you should consider alternative treatment methods that have natural healing properties.

Acupuncture – It is not only good for humans, but it is ideal for dogs as well. This Chinese treatment method can help relieve chronic pain and acute pain that is associated with degenerative joint and bone conditions as well as osteoarthritis.

Turmeric – It has natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that makes it effective in relieving pain. It is also ideal for treating joint conditions such as arthritis.

Yuca – According to holistic veterinarians, this root has a fifty to eighty percent success rate in treating rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis in dogs. It can provide relief for joint inflammation and pain.

CBD Oil – For years, dog owners have turned to CBD oil for relieving various ailments in their pets. CBD oil is actually effective in relieving arthritis and joint pain, relieving anxiety, and reducing inflammation. It is also effective in reducing vomiting and nausea, suppressing muscle spasms, reducing seizures, and improving sleep.

Moreover, it is effective in improving appetite as well as improving nervous system and digestive health. With this being said, you can conclude that CBD oil is a much better alternative to prescription drugs, such as Metoxicam, in many ways.

Due to its natural healing properties, your pet can avoid experiencing unpleasant side effects and adverse reactions to unnatural ingredients. Holistic alternatives can be just as good as prescription medication, but without the harsh side effects.

References:

 

https://www.petmd.com/pet-medication/meloxicam-metacam#

https://www.goodrx.com/metacam

https://dogtime.com/dog-health/54763-meloxicam-metacam-dogs-uses-dosage-side-effects

https://www.drugs.com/vet/metacam-oral-suspension.html

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side effects aspirin for dogs

Side Effects of Aspirin For Dogs & Alternatives

Aspirin for Dogs: Uses, Side Effects, Dosage, and Best Alternatives

A dog in pain because of an injury or illness is a painful sight for owners. There are many ways to relieve a dog’s pain. One of these solutions is using aspirin.

Aspirin is a type of anti-inflammatory medication similar to ibuprofen and carprofen. Vets prescribe aspirin for dogs with a certain dosage. It’s used to treat fever, inflammation, and pain. It can also prevent blood clots.

Aspirin For Dogs Dosage

It’s best to leave the dosage calculation of aspirin to your veterinarian. Your vet knows your dog’s medical history and can give the right amount of aspirin to avoid unwanted side effects. He/She would also know if your dog can or can’t take aspirin.

There’s a general guide to know if your dog is getting the right dosage. It’s usually based on weight.

Weight of Dog Aspirin Dosage
0-5 lbs. 25-50 mg.
5-10 lbs. 50-100 mg.
10-20 lbs. 100-200 mg.
20-40 lbs. 200-400 mg.
40-60 lbs. 300-600 mg.
60-80 lbs. 400-800 mg.
80+ lbs. 500-1000 mg.

 

You mustn’t give any aspirin to your dog if you have yet to take him to the vet. This dosage table is just a guide to see if your dog is getting enough or too much aspirin. The dosage may still differ depending on your dog’s case.

In case you miss a dose, you can do two things. First, if the dose is not too late, give it as soon as possible. And second, skip the missed dose and continue with your dog’s regular schedule. Don’t give him twice the dosage if he misses one because doing so can lead to overdose.

Aspirin for Dogs Side Effects

Even though aspirin is an OTC (over-the-counter) drug, it’s best to consult a vet before giving it to your dog. Your vet may only prescribe aspirin for limited time because it has unwanted side effects. Some of these side effects include:

  • Vomiting
  • Ulcer
  • Diarrhea and/or black stool
  • Change in appetite
  • Seizures
  • Thinning of the blood
  • Mucosal erosion

In worse cases, a dog can experience overdose and would result in these side effects:

  • Abnormalities caused by acid
  • Coma
  • Hemorrhage
  • Liver or kidney disease
  • Death

Aspirin Cost

The price of aspirin may differ from the brand, dosage, and quantity per bottle. A bottle of chewable aspirin tablets may not go over $20. It would also depend on the drug store or vet clinic you buy it from.

Interaction of Aspirin with Other Drugs

Aspirin can have a negative interaction with certain drugs. This is another reason for you to not give your dog. Here are some drugs that can react with aspirin:

  • Anti-coagulants
  • Catropil
  • Digoxin
  • Enalapril
  • Furosemide
  • Gentamycin
  • Insulin
  • Other anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Drugs that can cause ulcers

You should always inform your vet about the medications your dog is currently taking. This will avoid any unfortunate side effects in case the vet prescribes aspirin.

Ingredients in Aspirin for Dogs

The active ingredient for all aspirin for dogs is aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid. Some brands of aspirin have inactive ingredients like powdered cellulose, corn starch, and triacetin. Some have flavorings to make it appetizing to take for pets.

Aspirin Alternatives

As a pet owner, all you want is the best for your pet. Since aspirin has harmful side effects, you may want to go for alternatives with the same benefits with little to no side effects.

Instead of giving your dog medications, you can give him natural sources with anti-inflammatory properties. Some of these include:

  • Fish oil. It can relieve a dog’s inflammation caused by arthritis, bowel diseases, and allergies. Besides pain relief, it’s a good way to help your pet cope with kidney diseases which can become worse with aspirin.
  • Extra-virgin coconut oil. This natural painkiller has properties similar to aspirin. It can reduce inflammation in your dog’s body resulting in pain relief.
  • Spices. Some spices like turmeric, rosemary, and ginger can also reduce inflammation. They have polyphenols and bioflavonoids which are natural anti-inflammatory compounds.
  • Fruits. Blueberries, mangoes, apples, and blackberries also have natural anti-inflammatory properties. They contain vitamins, flavonoids, and carotenoids. These are not only great for pain-relief, but they can also support your dog’s recovery.
  • Whole grains. These include barley, brown rice, and oatmeal. They can lower C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in your dog’s blood. CRP is responsible for many inflammation-related diseases.
  • Dark leafy vegetables. Certain vegetables especially ones with dark leaves have vitamin C, carotenoids, and anti-oxidants. These are great pain relievers for your dog.

These natural pain relievers are better alternatives to aspirin for dogs. They won’t have any harmful side effects. They also have many health benefits besides pain relief.

However, they may not take effect quickly, which is typical of many natural remedies.

CBD Oil as an Alternative to Aspirin

Luckily, there’s another alternative to aspirin that you can use for your dogs. CBD’s popularity is continuing to grow because of its numerous health benefits for humans. However, many studies have found that it can benefit animals like dogs as well.

Like aspirin, CBD oil can give pain-relieving effects which improves your pet’s day to day life especially if they have conditions that bring chronic pain.

CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that can relieve pain and swelling. This can be great for dogs suffering from arthritis. It may also help reduce chronic joint and back pains because of old age.

In addition, CBD is known to have muscle relaxant and mood enhancing effects.

Using CBD oil for dogs may have side effects though. These include dry mouth, low blood pressure, and drowsiness. But, these side effects aren’t as harmful as the side effects of aspirin.

Unlike the other natural pain relievers, CBD oil can take effect after a few minutes of using. This is the same with aspirin with less negative side effects.

CONCLUSION

Aspirin can help dogs go through painful injuries and diseases as they recover. But, it’s important to know that it can have harmful side effects. You mustn’t give aspirin to your dog without a vet’s prescription.

Also, there are better alternatives to aspirin that won’t have any negative effects. You can give your dog foods that have natural anti-inflammatory properties. You may also resort to CBD oil which takes a few minutes to take effect but comes without the harmful side effects that aspirin has.

 

References:

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Side effects of metacam for dogs

Side Effects of Metacam For Dogs & Alternatives

Side Effects of Metacam For Dogs & Alternatives

What is Metacam for Dogs?

Metacam or Meloxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). This is used to treat stiffness, inflammation, and pain in dogs. Metacam is also used to reduce fever.

Metacam’s effect is seen 8 hours after administration. If giving the dog Metacam for the first time, it may take 3-4 days to take effect. Stop giving the drug if after 10 days there is still no improvement on the dog’s condition.

Dosage of Metacam

Oral suspension Metacam is given 0.2 mg Metacam per kilogram of body weight on the first dose. The following doses or maintenance dose is 0.1 mg per kilogram of body weight.

The oral suspension Metacam should be given with food. This oral suspension type come in 10, 32, 100 or 180 mL bottles.

Metacam tablet form is in 7.5 mg dosage and can be given with or without food. The initial dose is 0.1 mg per pound of body weight. After that, the dose will be 0.05 mg per pound of body weight.

Metacam is given to the dog once a day.

For dogs that are less than 10 pounds, Metacam should be given with food. Never administer the drug directly into the dog’s mouth. The dose is two drops per pound of body weight. This is for the 0.5 mg per mL concentration.

For dogs over 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) use the measuring syringe provided. This is designed to administer the daily maintenance dose which is 0.05 mg/lb.

To get the accurate dosage per the dog’s body weight, round off the dog’s weight to the nearest 1 pound increment.

Contraindications

Metacam should not be given to dogs aged 6 weeks and below. Lactating, breeding and pregnant dogs should not be given Metacam.

Dogs with existing cardiovascular diseases and renal conditions should not be given Metacam. This can cause further complications on the dog.

It is important to tell your veterinarian about the medications the dog is taking in. This is to prevent harmful drug interactions from happening.

Side effects Metacam for dogs

NSAIDs such as Metacam can affect the kidney and liver of the dog in long term use.

Other side effects of Metacam are:

  • Blood in vomit
  • Weight loss
  • Itchiness
  • Behavioral changes
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Black or bloody stool
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Swelling or weight gain- this is due to fluid retention
  • Abdominal pain or tenderness
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Jaundice- yellowing of the eye, skin, and gums

There are reported cases of allergic reactions as well. In a worst case scenario these allergic reactions can lead to anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis happens when the airway constricts preventing oxygen to be distributed to the lungs.

Metacam storage

Metacam should be stored at a controlled room temperature. The temperature should be between 59 degrees and 86 degrees Fahrenheit.

Metacam Cost

  • A bottle of Metacam that is 1.5 mL/32 mL cost around 57 dollars. A 100 mL bottle cost around 120 dollars.
  • A bottle of 180 mL Metacam is around 136 to 175.69 dollars.
  • A bottle of 1.5 mL/10 mL Metacam cost around 15 dollars.

 

Interaction of Metacam to other drugs

Metacam should not be given with other NSAIDs. These include Firocoxib, Aspirin and Carprofen. This can inhibit the function of and normal response of the medication to the dog’s body.

Corticosteroids such as prednisone and cortisone should be avoided when the dog is taking in Metacam. Corticosteroids can make the side effects of Metacam worst.

Active Ingredients of Metacam

The active ingredient of Metacam is meloxicam. A bottle of Metacam has 1.5 mg of meloxicam. It also contains 1.5 mg of sodium benzoate. This is equivalent to 0.05 milligrams per drop.

Other ingredients include sodium citrate dihydrate colloidal silicon dioxide, povidone, microcrystalline cellulose and magnesium stearate.

Oral suspension Metacam substances are suspended in a yellowish solution with an odor of honey.

Metacam alternatives

Metacam is an effective drug for dog pain. There are also other natural remedies for dog pain and stiffness.

Keeping the dog in a healthy lifestyle is one that helps. This includes proper diet and regular exercise.

The following are some anti-inflammatory and pain remedies:

Fish oil – Fish oil helps with pain and inflammation. Fish oil has omega 3 that reduces inflammatory substances in the dog’s body.

Arnica – Arnica is a plant that is mostly grown in Europe and North America. Arnica is extracted from the flowers.  The compounds inside the plant help treat inflammation.

There are different forms of arnica. It can be in oil, gel, or capsule variants.

Hydrotherapy- This therapy involves the dog swimming in a purpose-built pool. This helps ease pain for dogs with stiff joints. Hydrotherapy also helps build muscle mass to support the joints.

Glucosamine – This is a popular anti-inflammatory remedy. Glucosamine is mainly used for joint problems. This includes joint inflammation/ pain, arthritis and dysplasia.

Glucosamine helps ease issues in the digestive system.  Glucosamine treats joint inflammation by producing more synovial fluid and cartilage.

Yucca – Yucca is an anti-inflammatory plant grows in Central and South America. Yucca contains saponins found in the roots of the plant. Saponin substances are as effective as some steroid medications. This compound is the one that reduces inflammation.

Yucca is an effective remedy but it can irritate the stomach. Yucca is not for long-term use. It works best with minor conditions.

Acupuncture – Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical practice. This involves inserting small hair-like needles into the skin.The needles are inserted in the part to be treated. This are called acupuncture points.  This helps reduce inflammation, ease pain and improve overall health of the dog.

CBD oil – CBD stands for Cannabidiol. This is also known as hemp oil.  CBD oil is one of the known and effective alternatives for Metacam.

It is considered safe because it is derived from the hemp plant. This oil extract helps solve inflammation issues by activating the endocannabinoid system of the dog.

CBD is also used to treat colitis, gastritis, dysplasia’s, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and arthritis.

CBD oil also provides protection against diabetes and tumor growth.

 

References

https://www.petmd.com/pet-medication/meloxicam-metacamwww.petmd.com

https://dogtime.com/dog-health/54763-meloxicam-metacam-dogs-uses-dosage-side-effectswww.dogtime.com

https://www.bi-vetmedica.com/species/pet/products/metacam/metacam_liquid.html

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holistapet

Holistapet Reviews & Coupon

Holistapet Reviews & Coupon

How to Choose the Right CBD Brand for your Pet

Seeing your pet in pain can greatly cause distress. Like humans, dogs suffer from arthritis and anxiety to epilepsy and cancer. While vets may recommend medications, they can affect your pet’s overall health in the long run. Thus, a healthier and more natural alternative may be in order: CBD oil.

It is much better and safer to purchase a CBD oil that is GMO and gluten-free. These ingredients are not at all harmful. However, GMO increases risks of stomach problems and food allergies that could aggravate the condition of your dog. Meanwhile, gluten may also induce allergies.

Understanding Your Pet’s Condition

It is important that you understand and recognize the signs and symptoms in your pet, so that you can quickly address health problems. For instance, dogs with allergies display symptoms of sneezing, facial pain, runny nose, watery eyes, and hives.

Meanwhile, dogs with arthritis are reluctant to move, causing them to lag behind. Arthritis also causes pain, lameness, stiffness, and a sudden change in personality. Cancer, on the other hand, causes bloating, weight loss, abnormal discharge, bad odors, lethargy, and loss of appetite.

The last common illness of dogs is epilepsy. Epileptic dogs jerk, collapse, twitch, drool, chomp, or stiffen. They also make paddling motions with their legs. When dogs suffer from seizures, they may also pee or poop.

It is a good thing that Holistapet CBD oil is now available for pet owners. Many fur parents have sworn to the effectiveness of CBD oil in treating the above-mentioned disorders, as well as abnormal cell growth, muscle spasms, nausea, and inflammation.

What is Unique about Holistapet

  • Holistapet CBD products are especially made for dogs and cats
  • The products are made with organic, natural, and vegan ingredients
  • It’s perfect for pets with special and delicate conditions because of their superfood ingredients

 

Holistapet products are natural remedies to reduce pain or discomfort in your pet. They bring back the stability, equilibrium, and balance that your dog’s body lost during an illness.

 

Through a careful selection of ingredients and partners, Holistapet has become a main producer of high quality CBD oil products. A complete line of organic and plant-based products are proudly cruelty free and non-dairy and non-GMO.

 

By mixing superfood ingredients and CBD, Holistapet products have developed into premiere items for pet owners. And although you rarely hear of CBD products for pets nowadays, Holistapet ensures that pet health is the priority for ANY Holistapet product and bundle package.

Holistapet CBD Products

CBD Pet Capsules 150mg, 300mg, and 600mg

The capsules are made with all-natural and plant-based ingredients. Not only are these CBD products vegan, they are also filled with proteins, antioxidants, and omega oils. To introduce these capsules in your pet’s diet, open the capsule and sprinkle them in their food. These capsules are safe and ideal for pets who have undergone medication in the past, and need to take a break from synthetic ingredients. They also do not have a distinct hemp oil taste. If you are worried about giving your pets an inaccurate dosage, these capsules can already solve that for you.

CBD Dog Treats/ Joint and Mobility Care

A combination of cinnamon, turmeric root, pumpkin spice, and Boswella – these treats are intended to increase joint muscle power and reduce pain and inflammation in your dog. A gluten-free and non-GMO product, CBD dog treats are recommended to aging pets who have arthritis and other mobility problems. CBD dog treats are also a great post-surgery supplement. Just give 5mg for every ten pounds of your dog’s weight.

CBD Pet Tincture

This product comes in three dosages: 150 mg, 300mg, and 600 mg. It contains full spectrum of CBD oil and authentic hemp seed oil. The tinctures are not ideal for dogs, but it can also be given to rats, horses, and rabbits, since it doesn’t have THC. It can be mixed with their food, or be given directly to the pet.

CDB Dog Treats for Stress and Anxiety

These dog treats contain a mix of chamomile and l-theanine, which reduces anxiety in pets. The CBD oil used is pure though it is mixed with hemp seed powder to increase its potency. Other ingredients include molasses, brown rice flour, organic applesauce, coconut oil, and cinnamon.

CBD Dog Treats for Heart and Immunity

CBD and hemp seed never tasted this good! Each treat tastes like sweet potato and blueberries, which dogs will surely love. This product is made with full spectrum CBD oil and boosts your pet’s immune system.

CBD Treats for Cats

Got a cat instead? Holistapet also has its share of CBD treats for felines.  Each piece contains potato starch, chicken, 2mg CBD, rosemary oil, and peas. It is advisable to give this treat to your cat every twelve hours. Cat treats are easy to administer because they can be hidden in their food.

Holistapet Dosage Guide

The normal dosage for Holistapet is 25mg of CBD oil per pound of your pet’s body weight. To increase the dosage, you will have to use 20mg of CBD. If your pet is suffering from inflammation and extreme nausea, you may give it a greater dosage.

Holistapet Lab Testing

The laboratory testing for all of Holistapet’s products are all carried out by pHSolutions. Each lab test ensures that all ingredients are pure, natural, and organic. There should be no traces of pesticides or bacteria.

Holistapet Pros and Cons

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Pros
  • reduce phobias
  • reduce anxiety
  • safe and natural ingredients
  • easy to administer
  • Affordable high quality product

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Cons
  • Limited to certain pets
  • CBD not approved by FDA
  • Ships only within the USA

Contact Holistapet

Holistapet is available on Mondays to Fridays, 9am to 5pm. They can be emailed at [email protected], or you can reach them via phone at (818)330-3968. If you want to visit the store and check out Holistapet’s products, you may go to 7250 Bandini Blvd, Unit 110, Commerce, CA 90040. For immediate concerns, you may contact the company for live chat support. Ask now and get a reply within 24 hours.

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cbd oil glacuoma for dogs

CBD Oil For Dogs With Glaucoma

CBD for Dog Glaucoma

Like humans, dogs can also suffer from different eye ailments such as glaucoma. This ophthalmic disease can make your canine weak and lonely. If not treated early, glaucoma can lead to eye complications and permanent blindness.

CBD (cannabidiol) oil is one of the less-expensive treatments that you can use to treat glaucoma in canines. This hemp oil extract has a lot of beneficial properties that can be used to treat dog diseases. For more information about CBD oil for dog glaucoma, continue reading below.

What Is Glaucoma in Dogs?

Glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and inadequate fluid drainage in the eye. Dogs have a normal IOP of 10-20 mmHg. An eye pressure of 30-50 mmHg can indicate glaucoma in dogs. The aqueous humor is a clear fluid that protects the eye against foreign substances. This protective liquid automatically drains from the eye to maintain a sharp and clear vision. When this doesn’t function well, it can lead to intraocular pressure (IOP) build-up.

High IOP pressure can bring eye irritation and discomfort to your canine. This phenomenon is referred to as chronic ocular hypertension. This can damage your dog’s optic nerve that is vital for eye health and normal vision. If high pressure is not resolved early, your dog may experience eye swelling, severe pain, and sudden loss of vision. This can also result in permanent blindness.

Different Types of Glaucoma

The two types of dog glaucoma are primary and secondary. Primary glaucoma is more of a genetic type, while secondary glaucoma is a result of other eye damages.

  1. Primary Glaucoma – This type of glaucoma is hereditary or based on the genetics of the dog. It can be related to the physical and/or physiological traits a dog has been predisposed to. These traits are caused by primary eye ailments such as narrow filtration angles.
  1. Secondary Glaucoma – Secondary glaucoma is related to something that blocks the drainage in the eye. This blockage may be caused by swelling, inflammation, eye trauma, eye injury, or eye wounds. Secondary glaucoma in dogs can also be caused by an eye infection, tumors, cataracts, retinal detachment, and cancer of the eye. This type of glaucoma is the more common type that affects the canine population.

Before seeking treatment, know first the type of glaucoma that affects your dog. This is to provide the proper medications and procedures to your canine.

How to Prevent Glaucoma in Dogs

Primary glaucoma cannot be prevented since it is hereditary or genetically-acquired. But you can control the disease progression if you utilize different treatments and alternatives to manage primary glaucoma. Secondary glaucoma, on the other hand, is more preventable than primary glaucoma. To prevent your pup from acquiring secondary glaucoma, follow these simple tips:

  • Keep your canine guarded at all times.
  • Avoid sharp materials that can cause eye injuries.
  • Immediately provide treatment for eye inflammation and infection.
  • Do not expose your dogs to chemicals that may harm their eyes.
  • Keep their home clean and dust-free.
  • Regularly visit your vet for your canine’s general check-up and laboratory tests.

Symptoms of Glaucoma in Dogs

Glaucoma can be painful and stressing to your dogs. They cannot fully express themselves when they feel something – such as pain and discomfort. When your canine constantly rubs its eye with its paw, this may be a sign of eye pain. You need to know these signs and symptoms that may indicate that your canine has possible glaucoma:

  • Blinking more than the usual
  • Redness of the blood vessels in one or both eyes
  • Cloudiness in front of the sclera or white of the eye
  • Dilation of the pupil or the pupil does not constrict when hit by light
  • Loss of vision
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sudden change in behavior
  • Paleness and weakness
  • Enlargement of the eyeball, loss of vision (severe cases)

Dog Glaucoma Natural Home Remedies

Dog glaucoma is considered a medical emergency. Early detection and proper treatment can help address the problem more efficiently. The goals of treatment are pain management, excess fluid drainage, and aqueous humor reduction.  Your vet may perform a series of eye procedures to save your dog’s vision. These may include oral medications and surgical treatments.

But if you prefer using natural treatments and home remedies to treat glaucoma, you can try using the following:

  1. Carrots – Carrot is a root crop that contains a high amount of beta-carotene. This nutrient is essential in maintaining the number of visual pigments in the retina. This too helps protect the cells that build the eyes. Incorporate carrot in your dog’s diet. Just add 1 tsp of grated carrot per 10 lbs. of body weight to your pup’s food.
  1. Dandelion – Giving your dog a daily dose of Vitamin C can help boost its immune system. The best source of Ascorbic acid for your dog is the dandelion plant. This wild plant with yellow flowers can be used as a tea. Dry the dandelion plant and add 1 oz. of the dried herb to 8 oz. water. Let it cool and give your canine 1/3 cup per 20 lbs. of its body weight. Do this three times a day. You can also add 1 tsp. of powdered dandelion onto your dog’s food.
  1. Rosemary, bilberry, and burdock herbs – These are the best herbs that can help treat glaucoma. Bilberry extract is more popularly known as the “vision herb”. This contains active nutrients that are highly beneficial for eye health and good vision. Rosemary and burdock plant herbs are good sources of antioxidants that are good to the eyes. These three herbs can be made into a tea and can also be used as an eyewash. Simply soak the leaves and flowers of these herbs to 1 liter of clean water for 1-2 hours. Then use the solution to wash your dog’s eyes.
  1. Stress Management – Stress is extremely detrimental to your dog’s health. Too much stress can weaken the immune system of your canine and make him more susceptible to different eye ailments.
  2. CBD Oil – works with the cannabinoid receptors which are directly involved with the ocular tissues which regulate IOP.

How much CBD should I give my dogs with glaucoma?

Cannabidiol or CBD oil comes from hemp extract that contains properties beneficial to dogs. CBD oil is safe to dogs since is it not psychoactive. It does not contain a large amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that can make a person/animal “high”. According to Experimental Eye Research studies conducted in 1984 and 2014, CBD oil can help reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in many animals – including dogs. This can also help manage the pain and discomfort since it contains natural analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

  • The Tiered Dosage Structure
  • In giving the right CBD dosage for your dogs, you can use Dr. Rober J. Silver’s tiered dosage structure. This will guide you in determining the proper CBD oil dosage for your canines. A tiered dosage structure works by starting a safe low dose, then gradually increasing doses to attain the best result. The starting dose is 0.05 mg/lb., twice a day while the middle dose is 0.125 mg/lb., twice a day. Then finally, the high-end dose is 0.25 mg/lb., twice a day.

* Note: Before increasing the dosage, observe your pet’s reaction to CBD and note any changes in behavior or adverse reactions.

 

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that can affect your dog’s normal vision and pattern of behavior. An increased IOP can make your canine weak and irritable. It can also cause him so much pain and discomfort. If not treated well, this can lead to permanent blindness.

One alternative treatment for dog glaucoma is CBD oil. This hemp extract can help your canine manage his eye disorder in the best way possible. Give the right and safe dose of CBD oil to your pup. You may use the Tiered Dosage Structure as a guide. For your peace of mind, consult your vet.

References:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4862370/

https://www.naturalpetliving.com/how-much-cbd-oil-should-i-give-my-dog/

https://canna-pet.com/glaucoma-dogs-causes-signs-treatment/

https://www.naturalpetliving.com/how-much-cbd-oil-should-i-give-my-dog/

https://www.marijuanabreak.com/cbd-for-glaucoma

 

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ibuprofen for dogs

Side Effects Of Ibuprofen For Dogs & Alternatives

Side Effects Of Ibuprofen For Dogs & Alternatives

Seeing your dog in pain is upsetting. Your primary concern is to find an immediate solution to alleviate the pain. Sometimes, you tend to use over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications that only work on humans. This can put your pet in so much danger. It can lead to more serious complications and death.

To prevent this, always consult your vet about the right medications to use. Do not use OTC pain meds specifically for human consumption.

What is Ibuprofen for Dogs

Ibuprofen is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID) that is mainly used to treat pain and inflammation in humans. It can also be used to treat headache, fever, and arthritis. In humans, Ibuprofen works by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, an enzyme that produces prostaglandins. These enzymes bring fever-like symptoms like pain and inflammation. Prostaglandin-inhibiting drugs like Ibuprofen help relieve these symptoms.

Veterinarians do not recommend the use Ibuprofen in dogs since it can cause adverse reactions to canines. Dogs can also get easily overdosed by Ibuprofen. Prostaglandins play important roles in a canine’s body such as normal blood clotting and good blood flow to the kidneys. These enzymes also help protect the gastrointestinal tract (GI) of a dog. When dogs ingest Ibuprofen, the drug will destroy the prostaglandin enzymes that are beneficial to dogs.

Dosage of Ibuprofen

Normally, the vet does not prescribe and administer Ibuprofen medication to dogs. But in some special cases like eye inflammation, the pain brought by cancer, and arthritis, they give a really small dose of Ibuprofen. The usual drug dosage is 2.5 mg – 4 mg per 5-8 kg twice a day or every 12 hours. It should strictly given by the doctor, do not attempt to do it yourself

Side Effects of Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen, when ingested by dogs, spreads rapidly in the bloodstream. The components of this drug are easily absorbed in their stomach and intestines. Within a short period, your dog may experience allergic reactions and other symptoms.

The following are the side effects of Ibuprofen in dogs:

  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Pale gums
  • Liver and kidney failure (extreme cases)

When the owners accidentally give higher doses of Ibuprofen to their canine, this can lead to:

  • Change in behavior
  • Altered mental status
  • Episodes of seizure attacks
  • Coma
  • Death

Cost of Ibuprofen

A single 200-mg Ibuprofen oral capsule costs $1 – $2.13. A single 100-mg oral tablet costs $1.15 while a 200-mg oral tablet costs $1.35. One bottle of Ibuprofen oral drops (40mg/ml) costs $6.50-$8.30 while oral suspension (50mg/1.25ml) costs $11.50 – $12.

Interaction with Other Drugs

If your vet prescribed Ibuprofen to your canine, listen attentively to his instructions. Take note of the following:

  • Administering Ibuprofen with anticoagulants can be dangerous. Doing so will prolong the prothrombin time that can lead to bleeding.
  • Taking this drug with Cholestyramine may decrease its effect.
  • When used with Cyclosporine, this can damage the kidneys.
  • When Ibuprofen is mixed with diuretics, the diuretic med could be rendered ineffective.
  • Ibuprofen and Phenobarbital combination can reduce Ibuprofen’s effect.
  • Probenecid can increase the plasma concentration of Ibuprofen.

Ingredients in Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen contains the active ingredient Ibuprofen, a water-soluble substance. This NSAID is readily soluble in organic solvents like acetone and ethanol. Other inactive ingredients include hypromellose, colloidal silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate, and lactose monohydrate. As stated above, Ibuprofen is a prostaglandin-inhibiting drug. It also possesses antipyretic (anti-fever) and analgesic properties. Most components of Ibuprofen drug are dangerous to dogs and cats.

Ibuprofen Alternatives

As a dog owner, it is best to find the best alternative solution to help relieve your pup’s pain. Eliminating Ibuprofen as an alternative is one of the best solutions to do this. You can use the following Ibuprofen alternatives:

  1. NSAIDs for Dogs
  • Your vet will only use Ibuprofen to treat your dog’s pain if badly needed. Otherwise, he will prescribe the following NSAIDs that are specifically made for dogs:
  • Deramaxx
  • Rimadyl’
  • Previcox
  • Metacam
  • Tramadol
  • Amantadine
  • Gabapentin

If the pain seem tolerable, you can use more natural ways such as gentle massage and other therapies.

  1. Omega-3 fatty acids – Omega-3 are healthy fats that come from these fish sources – salmon, tuna, mackerel, herring, etc. These unique fatty acids act directly in different human and animal cells to relieve inflammation. Less inflammation can lead to decreased swelling, redness, and pain. Since most dogs love to eat fish meat, it can be a good alternative pain management solution for your canine.
  2. Joint Supplements – Joint supplements are one of the most effective chronic pain management for joint ailments such as arthritis in dogs. The most common joint supplement is glucosamine. This is a chondroprotective medication that cushions the cartilage while the body is trying to repair cartilage loss. Protecting cartilage means decreasing the pain and inflammation. Joint supplements like glucosamine, are administered orally.
  3. Acupuncture – This traditional Chinese medicine can help relieve muscle and joint pain, inflammation, and trauma. This can provide temporary or permanent pain solution to your canine. When thin needles are inserted to your pet’s body, it stimulates the nervous system and improves its blood circulation. Then, it releases good hormones that help soothe the pain and discomfort. Consult a licensed animal acupuncturist to do this.
  4. CBD Oil for Dogs – Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a hemp plant extract that is becoming popular nowadays. The good thing about CBD oil is it is not psychoactive and is safe to your dogs. It only contains 0.3% of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that brings psychological effects. This does not make your dogs “high”; instead, this can make them feel more relaxed and pain-free.
  • CBD oil contains a good amount of anti-inflammatory compound that helps stop inflammation or swelling. The presence of inflammation indicates pain.

Dog illnesses such as chronic cancer, arthritis, and severe joint injury can be extremely painful for your best buds. CBD oil acts directly to the affected site and provides immediate relief. This hemp extract can also help stabilize the mood of your canine and make him feel more relaxed. When your dog feels good, the pain can be eliminated quickly. Your best friend can now go back to his daily routines and be alive again.

  • To administer CBD oil to your dogs, use the following techniques:
  • Applying directly to your dog’s mouth
  • Incorporating to a treat
  • Mixing with foods and drinks

Your canine’s health is always a priority. Regularly check your pet for any pain and discomfort. Pain can be irritating to dogs. This too can change his behaviors and interactions with humans. When giving pain medications, try to avoid NSAIDs that can put your pup in danger. You should not administer Ibuprofen to your dog in any means. Your vet will decide whether to give this drug or not to your canine.

Using CBD oil is one of the best alternative pain treatments for your dogs. This hemp extract contains natural anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. This also helps your canine feel more relaxed and stress-free. Cannabidiol is safe to use and effective if taken in the right dosage. For best results, consult your vet.

References:

https://pets.webmd.com/dogs/guide/dog-pain-medications#1
https://www.certapet.com/ibuprofen-for-dogs/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065210/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2900742

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Can CBD oil help dogs with Lymphoma

CBD Oil For Dogs With Lymphoma

Understanding Lymphoma in Dogs and How CBD Can Help with Treatment

One of the most painful things in life is learning that a loved one has cancer. It can be cured if diagnosed and treated promptly, but the process can cause much pain and suffering.

Even your most pampered canine friends can contract this deadly disease. And one of the most common forms of cancer that affects dogs is Canine Lymphoma.

What Is Lymphoma in Dogs?

Canine Lymphoma is the cancer that affects the lymphocytes and lymphoid tissues in dogs. It spreads fast through the body because the cancerous lymphocytes are carried through the lymphatic vessels. The lymphocytes end up in the lymphoid tissues of the lymph nodes, bone marrow, spleen, liver, and alimentary canal.

Lymphoma accounts for up to 14 percent of cancer cases in dogs. It is more common in dogs aged between 6 and 9 years old.

Because of its similarity to non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in humans, Canine Lymphoma is also treated similarly. The main choice of treatment for lymphoma is chemotherapy.

Unfortunately, Canine Lymphoma cannot be totally cured. Treatments will only suppress the cancerous growths, but will likely go into remission.

Types of Lymphoma

There are around 30 types of Lymphoma that can affect dogs. The following are the four main types based on the site of the primary tumor:

  •  Multi-centric Lymphoma – This type of Lymphoma predominantly affects the lymph nodes. The primary tumor usually grows in one of the lymph nodes then spreads to other lymph nodes through the interconnected channels of lymphatic vessels.

 

  • Cutaneous Lymphoma – This type of Lymphoma occurs on extranodal sites such as the skin. Lumps may form on the dog’s skin and the growths may spread to involve other extranodal organs like the eyes and nerves.

 

  • Mediastinal Lymphoma – This is a rare type that involves the mediastinal lymph nodes. The cancer predominantly affects the lymph nodes in the chest and may spread to the thymus.

 

  • Alimentary or Gastrointestinal Lymphoma – This type involves the lymphoid tissues located along the alimentary canal or gastrointestinal tract. The cancerous growths usually affect the dog’s digestive functions and nutrient absorption.

How to Prevent Lymphoma

The exact cause of Lymphoma is still unknown, but there are risks that have been associated with its development. The most common risk factors include:

  • Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals and radiation
  • Exposure to viruses and bacteria that cause immune suppression
  • Taking drugs or medications that have immune-suppressing effects
  • Living in or near areas with strong magnetic fields

Given the risks, the best prevention would be to keep your dog away from cancer-causing elements. This involves steps such as:

  • Avoid using and storing hazardous chemicals around the house.
  • Keep your dogs away from areas with strong magnetic fields.
  • Avoid giving drugs that cause immune suppression.
  • Protect dogs from diseases that affect their immune system.
  • Provide regular veterinary care and check-ups.
  • Avoid giving food products and treats that are chemical-laden.

These seem more like general precautions, but cancer almost always stems from unhealthy exposures and unhealthy lifestyles. So to prevent Lymphoma more effectively, both you and your dog must live healthily and avoid risky habits.

Signs and Symptoms of Lymphoma in Dogs

The signs and symptoms may vary according to the type of Lymphoma. Some dogs may exhibit fewer symptoms than others. The severity of the symptoms will also depend on the current stage of the cancer.

Multi-centric Lymphoma:

  • Swollen lymph nodes that may grow into lumps of up to 10 times bigger than the normal size
  • The lumps are firm but moveable and not painful
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration
  • Fever
  • Lethargy

Cutaneous Lymphoma:

  • Flaky and scaly skin
  • Redness and itchiness
  • Skin lumps that may ulcerate over time
  • Gums and footpads may also appear swollen and red

Mediastinal Lymphoma:

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Excessive urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Accumulation of fluids in the chest cavity

Alimentary or Gastrointestinal Lymphoma:

  • Anorexia
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Note that these signs and symptoms may start out subtly and become worse as the cancer progresses. Many Lymphoma cases are also misdiagnosed as another disease in the early stages.

Natural Remedies for Lymphoma

Canine Lymphoma can be treated with chemotherapy. However, there are natural remedies that can help with symptom relief and faster recovery.

One of the leading natural products given to dogs is CBD oil. It is often used as an alternative or as an adjunct therapy to relieve the side effects of chemotherapy. CBD oil is naturally derived from hemp plant. It is not psychoactive because it contains very little or no THC.

CBD oil helps relieve symptoms and chemotherapeutic side effects like the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Lethargy and weakness
  • Swelling and inflammation

CBD safely works with the dog’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) to regulate chemical and inflammatory responses. One of the substances that CBD can help control is prostaglandin, which stimulates inflammation and affects pain reception.

 

CBD products help support the functions of the ECS by supplying adequate cannabinoids that interact with prostaglandin and many other types of chemicals in the body. Cannabinoids keep the levels of these chemicals even to avoid imbalances that trigger inflammatory reactions.

This state of balance helps the dog’s body cope better with chemotherapeutic side effects. The body can gain and maintain homeostatic stability despite the painful side effects.

Also, CBD oil is the safest alternative to other medications used in managing side effects of chemotherapy. Instead of giving your dog an array of different medicines to address individual symptoms and side effects, you can just give CBD oil to address these problems with one dose.

How Much CBD Should Be Given to Dogs with Lymphoma

CBD oil can be given according to the product’s usage directions. CBD oil comes in several forms so the dosage and administration may vary.

However, no matter how clear the directions may be, you should always check with your dog’s vet before giving CBD products. Your vet would be the best person to recommend and prescribe the right dosage of CBD oil for your dog. Also, your vet will understand your dog’s condition better than anyone else.

References:

  1. https://www.oncolink.org/cancers/vet/common-veterinary-cancers/lymphosarcoma-in-dogs#targetText=Lymphosarcoma%20(lymphoma)%20is%20the%20third,gastrointestinal%20tract%20and%20bone%20marrow.
  2. https://www.purdue.edu/vet/pcop/canine-lymphoma-research.php
  3. https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/lymphoma-in-dogs-symptoms-diagnosis-and-treatment/
  4. https://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/cancer/c_dg_lymphoma
  5. https://www.innovetpet.com/blogs/recent-articles/find-relief-with-cbd-oil-for-lymphoma-in-dogs
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Rimadyl for dogs side effects alternatives

Rimadyl For Dogs Side Effects & Rimadyl Alternatives

Side Effects Of Rimadyl For Dogs & Alternatives: Everything You Need to Know

Rimadyl (Carprofen) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), meaning it’s designed to relieve pain and inflammation. It’s often used in managing cases of canine osteoarthritis.

Note that the drug can also be used in the treatment of other joint conditions, such as hip dysplasia. It may likewise be given after a surgical or dental procedure to reduce both fever and pain.

What is Rimadyl for Dogs?

Rimadyl comes in caplet, injection, and chewable forms. However, it should only be given to dogs that are more than six weeks of age and with the advice of a veterinarian.

If you’re like most other concerned pooch owners, you’re probably wondering about the specifics of this drug—especially in relation to the various conditions for which it’s given.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage in the joints wear off. This condition is most often diagnosed among dogs of advanced age. Its common symptoms include lameness, stiffness, and/or limping [1].

Simply put, Rimadyl helps reduce the pain, while also alleviating the inflammation that occurs when the bones scratch onto each other due to the thinning of the cartilage between them.

Hip Dysplasia – Hip dysplasia is a condition where the dog’s hip bones don’t form properly. The hip joint normally glides as the dog moves. In hip dysplasia, the bone grinds, causing significant amounts of pain.

This condition usually affects larger dogs such as Labradors, German Shepherds, Great Danes, and Saint Bernards [2]. A vet prescribes Rimadyl to ease the discomfort and reduce fever associated with hip dysplasia.

Pain (Surgery) – Dogs, just like people, experience pain after a surgical or dental procedure. Rimadyl may be given to alleviate that pain. Likewise, it may be prescribed to manage fevers that occur post-surgery.

Dosage of Rimadyl

Caplets and chewable tablets are in 25-, 75-, and 100-milligram doses. The usual prescribed dosage is 2 milligrams per pound of body weight. This is to be given once daily.

Sometimes, the veterinarian spreads out the dose, setting it at 1 milligram per pound of body weight. This is then to be given twice daily [3]. With injectables, the dose is 4.4 milliliters per kilogram body weight, given daily.

There’s a chance for a pooch to find itself gaining access to the NSAID and start gobbling it up. Rimadyl is liver-flavored, after all, which most canine companions love. If ever this happens, the signs of overdose may manifest:

  • Excessive vomiting
  • Blood in stools or vomit
  • Lethargy
  • Seizures
  • Excessive vomiting
  • Extreme abdominal pain

If you see any of the said signs in your dog, bring him to the vet right away.

Rimadyl For Dogs Side Effects

Rimadyl is a safe medication, assuming that it’s used for the right conditions and at the right doses. But like other drugs, it can cause certain side effects [4], including:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Black, bloody or tarry stool
  • Constipation
  • Seizures
  • Muscle cramps
  • Gastrointestinal ulcers
  • Weakness
  • Sores in the mouth
  • Fluid retention
  • Behavioral changes
  • Abdominal pain
  • Extreme thirst
  • Weight gain
  • Decreased thirst
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and gums, as well as the whites of the eyes)
  • Urinary abnormalities

In extreme cases, it can also lead to kidney and liver problems.

Keep in mind that Rimadyl is not for every dog with joint pain, which is why it’s important to keep your pooch’s current veterinarian fully informed. It must never be given to canines that have the following conditions:

  • Allergy to aspirin
  • Allergy to NSAID
  • Kidney disease
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Pre-existing ulcer
  • Liver disease
  • Heart disease
  • Bleeding disorders
  • High blood pressure

Rimadyl should not be taken by dogs below two and a half months old. As to be expected, it also isn’t advised to give this drug to any dog that’s pregnant or lactating.

Cost of Rimadyl

A 100-milligram tablet costs around 0.75-0.85 cents. On the other hand, 30 pieces of 25-milligram chewable tablets cost anywhere from 25 to 30 dollars. A 60-tablet pack will be priced at around 56 to 80 dollars.

Interaction with other Drugs

Rimadyl should not be given together with corticosteroids and other NSAIDs. This causes gastrointestinal problems and bleeding, aside from increasing the side effects of Rimadyl itself.

Anti-hypertension drugs, such as Abediterol and Acebutolol, should not be given in-line with Rimadyl. This combination ultimately increases the severity of hypertension.

Lastly, the drug must not to be given with ACE inhibitors such as Enelapril and Benazepril [5]. Ace inhibitors rely on the dilation of blood vessels and can interfere with the function of NSAIDs.

Ingredients in Rimadyl

The active ingredient in this NSAID is Carprofen, which varies in amount depending on the dose of the tablet. There’s one other noteworthy ingredient—the flavoring. As mentioned, Rimadyl has a liver-like flavor.

Rimadyl Alternatives

At this point, it should be clear that Rimadyl isn’t without flaw. And so, it’s only appropriate to ask whether there are alternatives that may be considered. Well, here’s a list of the most popular ones:

Dasuquin  – Dasuquin is a natural supplement. It contains MSM, glucosamine, chondroitin, and essential compounds that are abundant in avocado and soybean.

This supplement is effective in strengthening dog joints. It also helps prevent canines from developing osteoporosis and other similar bone or joint issues.

Tramadol and Adequan – These two are effective in reducing inflammation and swelling in the joints [6]. These can likewise be used to reduce pain, especially after a dental or surgical procedure.

 

Concentrated Omega 3- This supplement aids in alleviating pain, swelling, and inflammation. It’s available in both capsule and liquid forms, but all omega-3 supplements are given to dogs orally.

 

Cannabidiol (CBD Oil) – CBD oil or Cannabidiol is also known as hemp oil. Since this is from a plant, it’s natural and a safer alternative to NSAIDs [7]. And yes, CBD oil is actually among the best natural substitutes to Rimadyl.

 

Cannabidiol is used for lot of conditions, even those that affect mood. It’s even given for the sake of strengthening the heart. This supplement is most known, however, for its capacity to address cancer-related issues.

 

CBD oil may be given to reduce pain after a surgical procedure. This is safe to use and can be given even to older-aged dogs. This supplement can still cause some side effects though, like appetite changes, fatigue, and diarrhea.

Rimadyl isn’t Always Good Enough

There’s no denying that in most cases of pain and inflammation, Rimadyl should work sufficiently well. However, with the risks and downsides that it comes with, many dog owners opt for safer options—one of which, is CBD.

References

  1. https://www.acvs.org/small-animal/osteoarthritis-in-dogs
  2. https://pets.webmd.com/dogs/canine-hip-dysplasia
  3. https://www.zoetisus.com/products/pages/rimadyldvm/dosing.aspx
  4. https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/rimadyl-for-dogs/
  5. https://veterinarypartner.vin.com/default.aspx?pid=19239&id=4951499
  6. https://www.drugs.com/vet/adequan-canine.html
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065210/

 

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