CBD Oil For Dogs Luxating Patella
Luxating patella or patellar luxation is a common canine bone problem. Diagnosis depends on evidence of patellar instability with vets using imaging techniques to assess the amount of skeletal deformity.
Complication rate for the condition is generally low, with the most usual ones being reluxation (re-dislocation) and those resulting from implantation.
Most dogs recover quickly and return to normal limb function.
What is luxating patella in dogs?
The word luxating means dislocation, and the common term for the word patella is kneecap. Therefore, with this condition, the kneecap of the dog is dislocated.
The problem occurs more frequently in young dogs starting from the age of eight. Usually, the patella will slip out and later slip back in. In other cases, it is unable to return back to the groove where it previously sat.
Many toy or small breed dogs have a genetic predisposition for the disorder, especially the bowlegged ones, as the attachment point of their patellar ligament is not on the center of the shin bone.
Breeds prone to developing the condition include Bichon Frise, French Poodle, Chihuahua, and Maltese.
Different types of luxating patella
Two types of patellar luxation are:
- Lateral – knee cap slips towards the outside of the leg
- Medial – knee cap slips towards the inside of the leg; this is more common with 90% cases being of the medial type
This categorization is further subdivided into:
- Bilateral – more than one limb is affected
- Unilateral – only one limb is affected
Before any treatment option is considered, the vet will perform a physical exam to determine severity of the condition. Severity level is divided into four grades:
- Grade 1 – No severe pain and no surgery needed. Manual manipulation can bring back dislocated patella to its place.
- Grade 2 – Manual manipulation is all that’s needed for proper placement. However, pain is felt every time the patella falls off its proper place. The condition can worsen and cause arthritis.
- Grade 3 – Arthritis is possible and the dog is in constant pain. No surgery is needed, requiring only manual manipulation every time the patella slips.
- Grade 4 – Dog has bow-legged stance; kneecap can’t be physically manipulated for correction. Surgery is recommended, as the condition is extremely painful for the dog.
How to prevent luxating patella in dogs
Here are suggestions from experts:
- Breeders should stop breeding dogs with genetic patellar luxation.
- For dogs with unknown medical history, owners should treat the dog as if it has grade 1 luxation. Mild muscle exercises can be done for prevention. Maintain healthy weight for the dog.
- Most dogs will not require surgery, and if the problem is diagnosed early enough, the vet will recommend preventative interventions that will ensure the condition will not progress to something worse like arthritis.
- Proper diet consisting of meat, bones and organs should be implemented. These food items help build strong muscles, ligaments and bones.
Symptoms of luxating patella in dogs
Here is a short list:
- Swelling and pain
- Leg carrying
- Inability to bend the knee
- Decreased movement
The first sign one may notice is the dog is skipping of the back leg.
You will hear a click sound when the dog straightens or moves his leg.
Stretching out the dog’s leg can be very painful and you hear him whimper or see him snap.
It is a loose kind of sitting. The hind paws are rolled under the body, the knees are flopping out, and the back paws are close to each other.
Luxating patella in dogs survival rate
In 2016, a study looked into the outcome of grade 4 patellar luxation surgery. In this study, researchers found the success rate for the surgery is 93%. If the surgery is performed appropriately and on the right candidate the success rate is high.
One reason for failure is the owner did not keep the dog quiet and confined post-surgery and the pet “blew out” the repair. In certain cases, the dog required surgery on the other knee because it has put much of its weight on that knee while recovering.
Dogs luxating patella natural home remedies
Natural home interventions include:
Three weeks after operation, physiotherapy in the form of exercise can be performed. All joints of the affected limb should receive physiotherapy 2-3 times a day. Focus mainly on the stifle joint.
- Strict rest
Mild exercises can be done, but no free exercise is allowed in the next 8 weeks after surgery. Stabilization of the joint and healing of the fracture must be achieved prior to free exercise.
Provide foods with Vitamin C, E, and B1 and B6 for fast collagen synthesis that’s necessary for quick healing of the wound. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with reducing pain associated with the condition.
- Assisted movement
Support your pet when moving over slippery surfaces or upstairs. Carry it or put a sling around its body. This needs to be done for the first 5 weeks post-surgery.
Short-leash walks will be helpful, but start with short periods, such as 5-10 minutes daily.
- Hemp Oil
One of the best things you can do to help in the dog’s recovery is using hemp oil, found to be exceedingly helpful by many pet owners, including pet cat owners, for pain relief.
Besides pain relief, research done on hemp oil showed that it is also effective in treating epilepsy, anxiety, and irritable bowel disease. One study suggests that hemp oil has anti-inflammatory properties.
Hemp oil for pets come in forms of creams, oils and treats. In a study for epilepsy treatment, hemp oil was found to be more effective given orally than applied as a topical treatment.
How much CBD should I give my dogs with luxating patella
Given orally, the most effective dose for improving comfort and activity levels is 2 mg per kg of weight.
Observe your dog’s response to the treatment as responses are individually-based. Follow your vet’s recommended dosage to the letter, and if you feel any adjustment is necessary, make sure to consult with him first.