Dogs with skin allergies can be given CBD oil to help reduce pain and inflammation. This article helps dog owners understand how the oil works and how to give it.
What Is Pain and Inflammation?
Pain is a sensation that is generated by a person or creature’s brain. Although unpleasant, it is useful in pointing where care is needed. Inflammatory pain results when there is tissue damage because of inflammation (1).
Inflammation develops when the immune system responds to factors like pathogens (disease-causing substances), toxic compounds, and damaged cells. When a body part is inflamed, the immune system causes changes that remove the dangerous substances to start healing (2).
Dogs can develop pain and inflammation when they are exposed to factors that may be harmful to their health. Sometimes, these symptoms occur because of a glitch in their immune system.
Ailments Associated with Skin & Allergies
Dogs can develop skin problems because of a wide variety of factors, which includes allergies. An allergy is defined as a disease that is caused by the immune system’s mistaken reaction to a harmless substance (3).
These are some diseases that are associated with skin problems and allergies:
Autoimmune Skin Disease
An abnormal response of the immune system may cause the immune cells to attack healthy skin cells. When this happens, the dog’s skin may develop blisters without being exposed to any irritant.
Atopic dermatitis is another type of skin disease that is caused by abnormal immune system reactions. Dogs with this condition are prone to feeling itchy. They will tend to scratch certain areas such as their ears, around their eyes, their muzzle, and their feet. In severe cases, the itchiness is spread all throughout the body.
Acral Lick Granulomas
Lick granulomas are painful bumps on the dog’s skin that is caused by excessive licking. They are often found on the dog’s ankles or wrists.
Acute moist dermatitis (Hot Spots)
When bacteria such as Staphylococcus infect the skin, the surface of the skin can break and pus gets trapped in the fur. This can get worse when the dog bites, scratches, or licks the spot.
Sarcoptic Mange (Scabies)
Mites called sarcoptes scabiei can burrow through the dog’s skin and cause scabies. When this happens, the skin can become extremely itchy and it can develop crusts. The fur can fall off as well.
This is similar to scabies but it involves Demodex mites. Demodicosis may involve only a few spots or be scattered throughout.
Flea Allergy Dermatitis
Dogs’ skin can sometimes be hypersensitive to the saliva of fleas and develop the condition called flea allergy dermatitis.
Other Common Conditions Associated With Your Pets Skin and Allergies
There are over 160 skin conditions in dogs according to PetMD. Some skin conditions produce long-term problems if not dealt with correctly. In this guideline, we will outline the most common skin conditions and allergies that your pet might be struggling with. Below are a list of some conditions your pet may have:
|Acne||Atopy||Cushing’s Disease||Immune Disorders||Skin Allergies|
|Acral Lick Granuloma||Cat Dermatitis||Dry Flaky Skin||Impetigo||Skin Cancer|
|Allergic Dermatitis||Cat Food Allergies||Flea allergies||Itching & Scratching||Skin Tumors|
|Allergies||Cat Hair Loss||Folliculitis||Itchy Paws||Staph Infection|
|Alopecia||Cat Ringworm||Food Allergies||Mange||Ticks|
|Anal Sac Disease||Cat Skin Allergies||Hair Loss||Ringworm||Yeast Infection|
|Asthma||Cat Skin Bumps||Hot Spots||Seborrhea|
What Causes Skin Disease and Allergies in Your Pet?
As mentioned earlier, allergies and skin diseases can be caused by many things such as bacteria, pests, and physical trauma. Let’s take a look at each:
The dog may have developed the allergy or disease because of genetics. In other words, its genes are built in a way that made it vulnerable to acquiring it. It is not something that is caused by anything from the environment.
Poor hygiene may allow irritants such as pollen, mold, or pests to cause problems on the skin. You must always keep the dog clean to prevent this.
Diseases of the internal organs may have effects on the skin. Some diseases are hormonal or endocrine abnormalities, Cushing syndrome (over active adrenal gland), hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland), and tumors in the testicles or ovaries.
A dog may be allergic to the food it eats. If the skin problem appeared after you have given it new food, it may be the cause.
Lack of certain nutrients such as essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals can cause poor skin health. Lipids are needed to nourish the skin and prevent it from drying and flaking. Vitamins E and A prevent skin cell damage from aging and chronic diseases. Minerals such as zinc develop skin-building collagen and repair wounds.
What Are The Symptoms of Skin Disease and Allergies?
The general symptoms of skin diseases and allergies are pain, discomfort, skin redness, swelling, and warmth. Sometimes, the dog may find it hard to move an inflamed body part, so it becomes immobile.
You can tell that your dog has a skin allergy when it scratches itself a lot or when it grooms itself more frequently. You may catch sight of rashes, bumps, and blisters. If the allergy has also affected the respiratory system, your dog may also sneeze or have watery eyes (4).
The dog may shed fur when it has skin disease. You may notice bald spots or the fur thinning in general.
How to Treat Skin Disease and Allergies Naturally in Your Pet
Cannabinoids may be effective in treating itchiness, pain, and inflammation. It may have anti-inflammatory properties that can be applied to skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis, or an allergic reaction to something that contacted the skin (5).
One study from European Journal of Pain has shown that CBD applied to skin helped reduce inflammation and pain that is caused by arthritis. As such, it may also work with skin problems (6).
As of now, cannabinoids are considered as an alternative treatment for pain and inflammation. Despite this, the evidence of their effectiveness is growing. They work by calming down the cells that generate pain and inflammatory reactions (7).
CBD oil is non-lethal to dogs when given in the proper doses. In comparison, regular pain medicine may damage the internal organs of dogs. (8)
CBD may be given to dogs topically or orally, depending on what needs to be treated. If you are interested in trying this natural treatment to help your dog with skin problems, talk with your vet.
Remember that CBD oil may not solve the problem entirely, but it may help the dog recover better. Your vet will find what is causing the problem first before he or she can prescribe any treatment. Should you decide to treat your pet with CBD oil- you can check out our CBD Dosing chart for cats and dogs page for more information.