Side Effects Of Ibuprofen For Dogs & Alternatives
Seeing your dog in pain is upsetting. Your primary concern is to find an immediate solution to alleviate the pain. Sometimes, you tend to use over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications that only work on humans. This can put your pet in so much danger. It can lead to more serious complications and death.
To prevent this, always consult your vet about the right medications to use. Do not use OTC pain meds specifically for human consumption.
What is Ibuprofen for Dogs
Ibuprofen is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID) that is mainly used to treat pain and inflammation in humans. It can also be used to treat headache, fever, and arthritis. In humans, Ibuprofen works by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, an enzyme that produces prostaglandins. These enzymes bring fever-like symptoms like pain and inflammation. Prostaglandin-inhibiting drugs like Ibuprofen help relieve these symptoms.
Veterinarians do not recommend the use Ibuprofen in dogs since it can cause adverse reactions to canines. Dogs can also get easily overdosed by Ibuprofen. Prostaglandins play important roles in a canine’s body such as normal blood clotting and good blood flow to the kidneys. These enzymes also help protect the gastrointestinal tract (GI) of a dog. When dogs ingest Ibuprofen, the drug will destroy the prostaglandin enzymes that are beneficial to dogs.
Dosage of Ibuprofen
Normally, the vet does not prescribe and administer Ibuprofen medication to dogs. But in some special cases like eye inflammation, the pain brought by cancer, and arthritis, they give a really small dose of Ibuprofen. The usual drug dosage is 2.5 mg – 4 mg per 5-8 kg twice a day or every 12 hours. It should strictly given by the doctor, do not attempt to do it yourself
Side Effects of Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen, when ingested by dogs, spreads rapidly in the bloodstream. The components of this drug are easily absorbed in their stomach and intestines. Within a short period, your dog may experience allergic reactions and other symptoms.
The following are the side effects of Ibuprofen in dogs:
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Irregular bleeding
- Pale gums
- Liver and kidney failure (extreme cases)
When the owners accidentally give higher doses of Ibuprofen to their canine, this can lead to:
- Change in behavior
- Altered mental status
- Episodes of seizure attacks
Cost of Ibuprofen
A single 200-mg Ibuprofen oral capsule costs $1 – $2.13. A single 100-mg oral tablet costs $1.15 while a 200-mg oral tablet costs $1.35. One bottle of Ibuprofen oral drops (40mg/ml) costs $6.50-$8.30 while oral suspension (50mg/1.25ml) costs $11.50 – $12.
Interaction with Other Drugs
If your vet prescribed Ibuprofen to your canine, listen attentively to his instructions. Take note of the following:
- Administering Ibuprofen with anticoagulants can be dangerous. Doing so will prolong the prothrombin time that can lead to bleeding.
- Taking this drug with Cholestyramine may decrease its effect.
- When used with Cyclosporine, this can damage the kidneys.
- When Ibuprofen is mixed with diuretics, the diuretic med could be rendered ineffective.
- Ibuprofen and Phenobarbital combination can reduce Ibuprofen’s effect.
- Probenecid can increase the plasma concentration of Ibuprofen.
Ingredients in Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen contains the active ingredient Ibuprofen, a water-soluble substance. This NSAID is readily soluble in organic solvents like acetone and ethanol. Other inactive ingredients include hypromellose, colloidal silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate, and lactose monohydrate. As stated above, Ibuprofen is a prostaglandin-inhibiting drug. It also possesses antipyretic (anti-fever) and analgesic properties. Most components of Ibuprofen drug are dangerous to dogs and cats.
As a dog owner, it is best to find the best alternative solution to help relieve your pup’s pain. Eliminating Ibuprofen as an alternative is one of the best solutions to do this. You can use the following Ibuprofen alternatives:
NSAIDs for Dogs
- Your vet will only use Ibuprofen to treat your dog’s pain if badly needed. Otherwise, he will prescribe the following NSAIDs that are specifically made for dogs:
If the pain seem tolerable, you can use more natural ways such as gentle massage and other therapies.
- Omega-3 fatty acids – Omega-3 are healthy fats that come from these fish sources – salmon, tuna, mackerel, herring, etc. These unique fatty acids act directly in different human and animal cells to relieve inflammation. Less inflammation can lead to decreased swelling, redness, and pain. Since most dogs love to eat fish meat, it can be a good alternative pain management solution for your canine.
- Joint Supplements – Joint supplements are one of the most effective chronic pain management for joint ailments such as arthritis in dogs. The most common joint supplement is glucosamine. This is a chondroprotective medication that cushions the cartilage while the body is trying to repair cartilage loss. Protecting cartilage means decreasing the pain and inflammation. Joint supplements like glucosamine, are administered orally.
- Acupuncture – This traditional Chinese medicine can help relieve muscle and joint pain, inflammation, and trauma. This can provide temporary or permanent pain solution to your canine. When thin needles are inserted to your pet’s body, it stimulates the nervous system and improves its blood circulation. Then, it releases good hormones that help soothe the pain and discomfort. Consult a licensed animal acupuncturist to do this.
Your canine’s health is always a priority. Regularly check your pet for any pain and discomfort. Pain can be irritating to dogs. This too can change his behaviors and interactions with humans. When giving pain medications, try to avoid NSAIDs that can put your pup in danger. You should not administer Ibuprofen to your dog in any means. Your vet will decide whether to give this drug or not to your canine.